Bookkeeping is primarily concerned with the recording of financial transactions. This process ensures that all sales, purchases, income, and expenditures are duly noted in a systematic manner. Proper bookkeeping is foundational to the accounting process because without accurate records, financial reporting and analysis are compromised.
- Tools & Software: Modern bookkeepers often use software such as QuickBooks, Xero, or Sage to maintain these records.
- Key Roles: Bookkeepers, Ledger Clerks.
Accounting, on the other hand, takes the information from bookkeeping to create reports and derive insights. Accountants interpret, classify, analyze, and report financial data to understand a company’s performance and provide strategic recommendations.
- Tools & Software: Beyond basic bookkeeping software, accountants might use advanced ERP systems, financial modeling software, and other specialized tools.
- Key Roles: Accountants, Financial Analysts, Certified Public Accountants (CPAs).